Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Welcome home for Tom Williams of Cranbourne

I  received an email from Marilyn Williams who has kindly provided these photographs of the welcome home  for Tom Williams. Tom was born in 1897 and registered with the surname Bregazzi. His uncle,Tom Bregazzi, had  a farm in Cranbourne. The  photographs were taken in Duff Street Cranbourne, possibly at the farm.  There is a Bregazzi Reserve situated on the area where the farm was once located. It was divided into an estate in  late 1970s, after Tom Bregazzi died, aged  97.

Tom, whose Service Number was 657, enlisted on August 12 1915 at the age of 18. He was three years into an apprenticeship as a wood worker (cabinet maker). His next of kin was his mother, Mrs Madeline Deer, whose address was Cranbourne Post Office. His mother and step father, Henry Deer, signed the consent form. His employer, Mr Griffiths, also signed a form releasing Tom from his employ so he could serve in the 'Imperial Force'. Tom Returned to Australia July 22, 1919.
 
Tom Williams is standing to the right of the photograph

Some of the young ones standing are Tom & Florence Bregazzi's children :-Tom, Glad, Win, Ron...Keith and Chas yet to be born. 


Tom is seated in the car, just above the lady sitting on the running board of the car.

Marilyn also tells us that  after the War, Tom Williams emigrated to New Zealand, and was the father of Yvette Williams who was the first Olympic Gold Medalist for New Zealand in 1952, when she won the long jump at the Helsinki Games. Yvette had won the gold medal in the same event at the 1950 Empire Games, held in Auckland.  She was named Otago's Sportswoman of the Century in 2000. 

In addition, Tom Williams' son (and therefore Yvette's brother) Roy competed in many sports in New Zealand  and was a Commonwealth decathlon champion. In 2014 Roy wrote a book titled Sports Crazy, describing his career in Sport and later as a Sports Journalist. Included in the book, is a photo of Madeline Bregazzi, the mother of Tom Williams (therefore grandmother of Yvette & Roy) and sister to Tom Bregazzi. 

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

A message from the Sea

I came across this article in the Lang Lang Guardian of April 19 1916 about the chance discovery of a bottle containing a note, which was tossed overboard by  a couple of soldiers. It has a local connection, in that the bottle was discovered by  Mr Ward of Koo-Wee- Rup but it doesn't concern a local soldier. It does, however,  make you wonder whether any of our local  boys tossed a bottle overboard when they were leaving Melbourne to fight overseas and if so, whether anyone found it.



One of the writers was John Walter Feehan (Service Number 1592) who enlisted in July 28 1915 at the age of 18.  His occupation was Station Manager.  He was part of the Australian Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport and Returned to Australia on August 8 1918. I don't know  who his friend, J M'Pherson was, even having done  a search on the 15th Battalion, 1st to 23rd  reinforcements - there are seven McPhersons, none of whom have a first name beginning with J. The other mystery is, who is Mrs Brown of 170 Albert Street, Newton Sydney?

Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Beaconsfield Avenue of Honour: Servicemen remembered

The Beaconsfield Progress Association have published a book, Beaconsfield Avenue of Honour: Servicemen remembered commemorating the 65 men who were honoured with trees in the Beaconsfield/Berwick Avenue of Honour which runs along High Street/Princes Highway, from the top of the hill down to the Cardinia Creek. 



Funds for the Avenue were donated by Miss Ada Armytage of Holm Park in Beaconsfield. Ada was one of the Armytage family who owned Como House. You can read about Miss Armytage here The trees were planted in 1929 and there were also metal plaques that were made at the time, but never displayed. They went missing for a while and they were located by the late Tony Rushton at the  City of Casey depot, which is where the Avenue is, however Beaconsfield, where most of the soldiers came from is part of the Cardinia Shire. New plaques listing the soldiers names were made and installed in Beaconsfield Park March 13, 2015 - there are three plaques listing the 65 names. How proud Tony Rushton would have been to see this finished project as he did a lot of work on researching and commemorating the Beaconsfield soldiers and was responsible for initiating this project, but he was sadly killed in a car accident at Easter time in 2007.


One of the new plaques installed in Beaconsfield Park in 2015
Photograph courtesy of  Casey Cardinia Remembers website.

The book lists the names, service number and a short biography of each soldier. The research on the soldiers was undertaken by Penny Harris Jennings. It's a a great publication honouring the men who served in the Great War from the Beaconsfield area. Click here to access Library copies of the book.






These are some of the original plaques, taken by Tony Rushton at the City of Casey Depot.

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Hallam and Hampton Park World War One Soldiers

The areas that are now known as Hallam and Hampton Park have gone through a few name changes over the years. In the case of Hallam this is a relatively new name for the area, dating from around 1906. Before that, the district was known as Hallam's Road after William and Mary Hallam. Earlier than that it was sometimes referred to as Dandenong and sometimes  as Eumemmerring, which covered the area basically from the Dandenong Creek to what is now Hallam Road and  both sides of the Princes Highway - so basically the suburbs of Doveton, Hallam, Endeavour Hills and the modern day suburb of Eumemmerring (gazetted May 20, 1981). The name  changes in Hallam State School, No. 244 reflect these name  changes. You can read about this school here, if you are interested.

In the case of  Hampton Park the area was previously also referred to as Eumemmerring or Dandenong and also Lyndhurst, until the Hampton Park name took hold after the Great War. You can read about Lyndhurst soldiers here and you  can read about Hampton Park here.

This post looks at any Great War Soldiers that I could find that have a connection to the Hallam and Hampton Park areas, so thus will also include Doveton, Endeavour Hills and the  Eumemmerring suburb area. There were around 250 soldiers who enlisted with a  Dandenong address or were born in Dandenong, some of whom may be eligible to be in this blog post so if you know that I have missed some Hallam  or Hampton Park soldiers, then let me know.

Some of the information in this post is from the booklet, Hallam 1830-1930 written by  Dr Deborah Stephan and published in 1993 by the City of Berwick. The booklet includes material provided by Mrs Marie Carson, the great niece of Elizabeth Andrews, who you can read about here.   Elizabeth was the daughter of John and Bridget Andrews who settled at Hallam in 1854.   Some of the information about  Hampton Park comes from The history of Hampton Park by Roy R. Scott, written in 1970 and  published in the Dandenong & District Historical Society Journal, Gipps-land Gate.

Mrs Carson remembers attending an ANZAC Service at the Hallam State School 'I remember about that time..my mother taking me along a rough and bumpy track in a a 'go-cart' as they called a baby pusher in those days, to an ANZAC celebration at Hallam State School. Someone pinned an ANZAC medal with red, white and blue ribbon on it on me and I had it for many years and felt very proud of it....this ANZAC day must have been a very early one - 1919 or 1920 perhaps"
                                      
What follows is a list of soldiers, their connection to the Hallam and Hampton Park areas, their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au)

Andrews, Louis John  (SN 4493) Louis was born in Dandenong and enlisted at the age of 22 on September 30, 1916. He was a printer and his next of kin was his wife, Ellen, of Glenferrie Road, Malvern. He Returned to Australia on April 30, 1919.  Louis was the  grandson of John Bridget Andrews, early pioneers of the Hallam area and a nephew of Elizabeth Andrews -  you can read about them here.

Battersby, John Henry  (SN 2582) John was a 23 year old timber worker when he enlisted on July 14, 1915. He Returned to Australia on March 28, 1919. His next of kin was his father, John Battersby of Hallam Road, Dandenong. John and Susan (nee Skinner) had ten children and built Cloverdale Cottage in 1870. Cloverdale Cottage is still standing in Hallam North Road and is  listed on the City of Casey Heritage Conservation Study.

Brown, John Alfred (SN 64160) John was born in Hallam but was living in East Caulfield when he enlisted on May 7, 1918. He was 20 years old and a clerk with the Victorian Railways.  He left Australia in September 1918, suffered from pleurisy (right lung, very severe was the notation in his record) and he Returned to Australia on July 26, 1919 and was discharged on medical grounds on September 13, 1919.




South Bourke and Mornington Journal  October 16, 1919


Brown, W There is a W. Brown listed in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal article of October 16, 1919 (see article above)  I believe that this is William Reginald Brown (SN 125) as he (or someone by the same name)  is listed in the 1919 Electoral Roll at Hallam Road, Hallam, occupation farmer.  William enlisted on January 11, 1915 aged 24. His next of kin was his sister, Stella, of South Melbourne. He is listed twice on the Embarkation Rolls - once with his address as Yarram and once as South Melbourne.   He was sent overseas and Returned to Australia on June 10, 1916 and was discharged on medical grounds on October 2, 1916 as he was suffering from 'otitis media'  or deafness.

Brunet, Harry  (SN 52808)   The South Bourke and Mornington Journal has  a report of the Dandenong  Exemption Court hearings from October 16 & 17, 1916. Harry Brunet of Hallam,  applied for an exemption and the paper noted that he was an engine driver and mechanic and could plough 12 acres per day where man and three horses could only plough three and thus could take the place of at least four men in the harvest field.   The Court refused to exempt Harry and he enlisted at the age of 23 on December 18, 1917.   He Returned to Australia on July 26, 1919. His next of kin was his father, Antonio Brunet, of Clyde. The family are listed in the 1917 Electoral Roll at Hallam Road, Hallam and obviously moved to Clyde that year and are in the 1918 Roll at Clyde.

Crean, Andrew Norman (SN 1230)  Andrew enlisted on July 17, 1915 aged 22. His next of kin was his father, also Andrew, of Hallam's Road, Hallam. He Returned to Australia on May 15, 1919.  Andrew's mother, Annie Florence Crean, was a member of the Hallam State School Mothers Club in 1921, you can see a photograph of her and the other mothers,  here.

Dempsey, William Stanley (SN 3519)   Mrs Carson writes that her uncle, William Dempsey, enlisted in the First World War. Her father, Walter Dempsey (William's brother) had married a niece of Elizabeth Andrews and the family was living at Hallam 'near the turn of the century' - there was a Patrick Dempsey in the Rate Books at Hallam in 1903 and a Patrick, Clara, James and Walter Dempsey in the Electoral Roll at Hallam in 1906. William's mother Clara was his next of kin when he enlisted on September 27, 1915 at the age of 23, although she was living in Geelong then.  William was discharged on medical grounds on May 18, 1917 as he had suffered  a nervous breakdown. If you think I have the wrong William Dempsey please let me know

Eccles, James Leslie  (SN 72595)  James enlisted on August 19, 1918 and as you can see by the article below he had a 'grand concert and send-off' on October 11. James did not get to serve overseas and was Demobilized on December 24, 1918.




South Bourke and Mornington Journal October 31, 1918

Emerson, Walter Cecil (SN 1559)  Walter enlisted at the age of 18 on August 4, 1915. His father was his next of kin and his address was Richmond, but was later changed to Berwick Road, Hallam. His parents, Alfred and Carrie Emerson, are listed in the Electoral Roll at Hallam for  a few years from 1917. Walter served overseas but was discharged on medical grounds, 'Nerves' was listed as the condition, on May 30 1917. However, Walter re-enlisted on September 17, 1918 and was demobilized as the War ended. In 1929 Walter wrote a letter asking for proof of his service as he was then employed by the Post Masters General Department and as they gave preference to returned soldiers he needed this proof. His address on this letter was the quaintly named 'Cosy Tea Shop', Point Nepean Road, Chelsea.

Frawley, John (SN 2172)  According to Mrs Carson - John was known as Jerry, so that's what we will call him. Jerry was born in Hallam and enlisted on April 28, 1916 at the age of 36 years and ten months. His  next of kin was his sister, Rosanna, also of Hallam.  Jerry Returned to Australia on June 10, 1919. Frawley Road is named after the family - Mary Frawley purchased 60 acres in the area in 1857 and Jerry and Rosanna were her grandchildren.

Gander, Frederick (SN 1550) Frederick enlisted for the first time at the age of 28 on June 4, 1916. He was born in England and his address was Narre Warren. He was sent overseas to England but Returned to Australia on May 4, 1917 and was discharged on medical grounds as he suffered from 'Hammer toes, both feet'  Frederick re-enlisted on June 4, 1918 and missed his send-off that was being held with James Eccles (see newspaper report, above) as he had already sailed. By this time he was 30 years old and living in Hallam. Frederick served in New Guinea and was again discharged on medical grounds this time on August 16, 1919.

Higgins, Thomas (SN 4641) Thomas enlisted on October 15, 1917 at the age of one month off 22 years of age. His next of kin was his father, Edward, of Hallam (the Embarkation Roll has the address listed as Hallam, Mt Dandenong, which is incorrect). Thomas was a 'turner and fitter' Thomas left for Egypt on April 30, 1918 and Returned to Australia on December 22, 1918. Thomas was farewelled along with Clarie Pool and  Henry Waite by over 200 people on January 31, 1918. (see report below)



South Bourke and Mornington Journal February 7, 1918


Hill, Robert (SN 1591) Robert was a 19 year old farmer when he enlisted on August 2, 1915. Less than a year later on July 20 1916 he was Killed in Action in France.  His next of kin on enlistment was his father, George Hill, of Hallam's Road, Gippsland. His mother's name was Mary.

Liston, A   Private A. Liston is named in the report from the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of October 16, 1919 (reproduced further above)  as being welcomed home with 'other Returned Soldiers connected with Hallam District'  Who is he? I can't find any Listons listed in the Electoral Roll at Hallam, so no clues there. There was an Alexander Liston (SN 3569) who enlisted on July 28, 1915 in Seymour, his next of kin was his wife Rebecca of South Melbourne, but his medical examination was carried out in Dandenong, so that's the closest connection that I can find between a Liston and the Hallam area.  Alexander Returned to Australia on January 31, 1918. Ironically, on the Nar Nar Goon Honour Board, there is a C.Liston listed who I can't find either, my best guess is that it is Thomas Liston, who enlisted at Tynong, so I don't know why Listons have proved to be so puzzling.

Masters, Albert Ernest (SN 428) Albert enlisted on February 8, 1915 aged 28, at Morwell. Albert Returned to Australia on December 11, 1918 and was discharged for medical reasons (flat feet, was the disability listed) on March 24, 1919.
Masters, Charles Henry (SN 2893) Charles was 23, a grocer, when he enlisted on June 7, 1915. He was awarded the Military Medal and the Distinguished Conduct Medal. Charles Returned to Australia on January 15, 1919 and was discharged for medical reasons (Gassed) in April 24, 1919.
Albert and Charles were the sons of William and Sarah Jane (nee Blythman) Masters of Kirkham Road in Dandenong. They are listed in the report from the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of October 16, 1919 (reproduced further above)  as being welcomed home with 'other Returned Soldiers connected with Hallam District' but I am not sure what the exact connection to Hallam was,  apart from being the adjacent town.

Meehan, James Joseph (SN 2112)  When  James enlisted on July 5, 1916 at the age of 24, he was living in Sea Lake.  He was wounded whilst serving in France. He Returned to Australia on May 12, 1918 (incorrectly listed as May 12, 1919 on the Nominal Rolls) and was discharged on medical grounds on July 23, 1918.  What is his connection to Hallam? A report in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of  February 11, 1915 said that Mr J.J. Meehan  was farewelled by the residents of Hallam before his departure to Sea Lake. There is a James Joseph Meehan in the Electorate Roll of 1914 at  Hallam's Road - also listed is a Thomas Michael and Ellen Meehan of Hallam's Road - I am surmising that they are his relatives (Uncle and Aunty perhaps - Thomas Meehan is mentioned in the report, immediately above, about the farewell to Privates Higgins, Poole and Waite)  - then in 1915 he moved to Sea Lake where he enlisted. Then in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of May 29, 1919 there is a report about an 'unfortunate accident' which 'befel Mr J. Meehan, a  Returned Soldier farming at Hallam.'  I am confident that this is our James, and that he returned to Hallam after his war service. James Joseph Meehan and Ruth  Rebecca Meehan are in the 1921 Electorate Roll at Hallam's Road. Mrs Meehan is pictured in the Hallam State School Mothers Club photograph from 1921 here.

Morris, Charles (SN 7578) Charles was born in England and was working as a farm labourer in Hallam when he enlisted on April 2, 1917 aged 24. His next of kin was his father who lived in Mansfield, Nottingham in England. Charles was married to  Gertrude Jones in Mansfield on July 12, 1919 and was discharged from the AIF in England on October 2 the same year. Did they return to Australia? I don't know.

Poole, Clarie Edward (SN 50194) Clarie was living in New South Wales when he first enlisted on January 17, 1916 and he was discharged February 16 the same year -  a notation in another enrolment paper says that it was because he was underage, although his date of birth was listed as July 24, 1896, so possibly he didn't have his parent's permission as his next of kin was a friend. Anyway he re-enlisted on February 2, 1918  at the age of 21 and this time his next of kin was his mother Amelia Poole and she was living in New South Wales, but Clarie's address was Hallam's Road, Hallam.  He was farewelled along with Henry Waite and Thomas Higgins on January 31, 1918 (see report above) Clarie was Killed in Action in France on October 4, 1918.

Reedy. Albert George (SN 1956) Known as George, he enlisted at the age of 22 on February 9, 1916. George Returned to Australia on May 15, 1919.  
Reedy, John Thomas (SN 1220)  John, known as Jack, was 32 when he enlisted on July 19, 1915. He Returned to Australia on May 8, 1919. Jack was awarded the Military Medal.
Jack and George were the sons of James and Elizabeth (nee Kirkham) Reedy, their father had already passed away when they enlisted and their mother was listed as the next of kin. The men were born in Dandenong and this was the address on enlistment, although they actually lived in what we now call Hampton Park. You can read more about the Reedy Family and early Hampton Park, here.

Seymour, Francis Joseph (SN 2391) Francis was 18 when he enlisted on May 31, 1916. His next of kin was his mother, Edith Sarah Seymour of Hallam's Road, Hallam. Francis served overseas and wounded by shrapnel and gassed and spent six months in hospital in England and then Returned to Australia on January 31, 1918 and was discharged as being medically unfit on May 18, 1918. 

Waite, Henry  (SN 50467)  Henry was farewelled at a function on January 31, 1918 along with Clarie Poole and Thomas Higgins (see report above). Henry enlisted on December 11, 1917, he was 21 years old. His next of kin was his sister, Elizabeth Waite of Broadford. He was a labourer, presumably working for Mr C.A. McKenzie as his address was C/O Mr McKenzie, Hallam's Road, Hallam. Henry was sent overseas to Egypt and Returned to Australia on March 14, 1919.

Sunday, October 25, 2015

Yallock Honour Rolls


There are two Yallock Honour Rolls. One is at the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp Historical Society. It is pictured, left. It has 29 names on it. The other one, with 52 names and photographs is at the Lang Lang R.S.L. It is pictured, below.  I do not know why there are two Boards - perhaps one was in the Hall and the other in the School or maybe one went missing and new one was made and then the original  was re-discovered later?


There is an article in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun of July 31, 1918 about the unveiling of the Honour Roll on Wednesday, July 24 1918 by the Hon A. Downward, M.L.A. The Board is described as "this specimen is a particularly fine one and contains the honored names and photographs of 57 local boys. The date of enlistment is also given. The Board is of Australian blackwood and is the work of Mr. W.J Tiller of Little Collins Street, Melbourne"   This is presumably the Board now held at Lang Lang, although it has 52 names and not the 57 mentioned in the article (and surely there weren't three Yallock Honour Boards!)You can access the article about the Honour Board unveiling here

When I first published this post I didn't know the location of the Honour Board at Lang Lang, Lynne Bradley,  President of the Narre Warren Family History Group told me about it and supplied the photograph, below.

What follows is a list of the soldiers taken from the Honour Board at the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp Historical Society and the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article - I have only seen a photo of the Lang Lang Board, so I assume that all the names on the Board are listed in the article. The information below also contains the Soldier's  fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) -so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au).  When I talk about the Honour Board, I am referring to the one held at the Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp Historical Society; when I talk about the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article I am referring to the one published July 31, 1918. I have also used an article called "Familes at Yallock" written by H.J. Boxshall, which is published in the book The Good Country: Cranbourne Shire by Niel Gunson.




Yallcok Honour Roll held at the Lang Lang R.S.L
Photograph courtesy of the Narre Warren & District Family History Group




Angus, William (SN 2101)   William Angus enlisted on July 22, 1915, at the age of 26. He was Killed in Action in France on August 26, 1916.  His next of kin was listed as his aunt, Mrs A. Yeaman of Wonthaggi. Annie Yeaman is in the Electoral Roll at Yallock in  1903 and Mr Boxshall says that a J.Yeaman, who was an Engine Driver, lived on Fincks Road, so I believe that this William's Yallock connection.


This is Ann Yeaman's notice of Probate for William's will published in the 
Powlett Express on April 27, 1917.


Bateson, Archibald Clarence (SN 4735) Arch was born in Yallock and he joined the Navy on April 23, 1915 when he was 16. His next of kin was his mother, Mary. He remained in the Navy until April 1924. Arch is the brother of George, below.
Bateson, George (SN 1307)   George was born in New Zealand and he enlisted on November 10, 1914  at the age of 21. His next of kin was his father, Elias Bateson of Yannathan. George Returned to  Australia on December 30, 1918. Mr Boxshall writes that Mr Elias Bateson was a member of the first School Committee and donated land for the Methodist Church. 

Boxshall, Albert Victor (SN 3481)  Bert enlisted on July 7, 1915 at the age of 29. He was a  Tram Conductor. He Returned to Australia on May 8, 1919.  Bert was the son of Thomas Boxshall, whose obituary from the Lang Lang Guardian appears below. He is also the brother of Henry John Boxshall who wrote the "Families at Yallock" paper.




Thomas Boxshall's obituary from the Lang Lang Guardian of October 17, 1917.

Casey, George Henry  (SN 2603)  Known as Harry, he enlisted on July 16, 1915 aged 28. He was born in Drouin and was a teamster.   Harry Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.  
Casey, John Alfred (SN 2593)  John enlisted on July 13, 1915, three days before his brother George. He was a 20 year old farmer, born in Lang Lang. John was  Killed in Action in France on August 23, 1918.    
Casey, Victor  (SN 57423) Victor was born in Lang Lang and was 18 years old and a farmer when he enlisted on January 5, 1918. Victor  Returned to Australia on July 17, 1919.  George, John and Victor  were the sons of George and Lydia (nee Gardner) Casey of Yannathan.  


Coates,  Benjamin Wilson  (SN Depot) Benjamin enlisted on October 5, 1918 and was discharged on Christmas Eve 1918 as the war had ended. He was a 21 year farmer from Yallock.
Coates, Lawrence (SN 2623a) Laurence enlisted on July 19, 1915 aged 21. He was born in Koo-Wee-Rup. Laurence was Killed in Action in France on August 18, 1916. 
Benjamin and Laurence were the sons of Laurence and Mary Jane (nee Wilson) Coates of  Yallock. 

Collyer, John Clements Leslie (SN 1018)  Known as Les, he  enlisted September 15, 1914 at the age of 19. His next of kin was his father, Eli Collyer of Yallock. He suffered a number of wounds including a bullet wound to the left hip and he Returned to Australia on March 11, 1916 and was discharged on medical grounds.
Collyer, Russell.   Russell is listed in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article but I can not find him on the National Archives or War Memorial sites. I believe this is Stanley Russell Collyer who was born in 1899 to Eli and Francis Collyer and thus he was a brother of Les, above.

Crespin, Frederick Legassick (SN 26791) Fred was 42 and a widower with four children when he enlisted on March 18, 1916. According to Mr Boxshall, Fred was a share farmer at Quamby for  a few years prior to 1914...he was an accomplished organist and piano player....and a good cricketer and captained the local Eleven during his stay at Yallock....on his return from the War he was unable to take up farming again owing to failing health and was given employment in the Land's Office in Melbourne. Fred Returned to Australia on August 24, 1918.

Davies, D  The Honour Roll lists a D. Davies and the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article lists a D. Davis. This is probably Douglas James Davies (SN  1524) who enlisted on March 21, 1916 aged 20. He was living in Rossiter Road in Koo-Wee-Rup at the time, with his mother, Ellen, who was his next of kin. Douglas Returned to Australia on June 12, 1919.

De Forest, Gilbert (51347) Gilbert was a 32 year old farmer from Monomeith when he enlisted on December 27, 1917. His next of kin was his wife, Margaret.  He Returned to Australia on June 19, 1919.    Gilbert is incorrectly listed in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun list as G.D. Forrest. 

De Little, John Cyril (SN 220) John enlisted on July 17, 1915 aged 23. He was  a farmer and his next of kin was his father Edward Vernon de Little of Koo-Wee-Rup. John was Killed in Action in France on October 10, 1916.  John is incorrectly listed in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article as J.D. Little. 


 Lang Lang Guardian December 13, 1916

Donaldson, Norman Stanley ( SN 84)  Norman enlisted on August 18. 1914 aged 22.  He was living in Elsternwick and his father, John Walter Donaldson, was his next of kin. Norman Returned to Australia on July 12, 1919. What was his Yallock connection? He was the son of John Walter and Mary Jane (nee Waring) Donaldson and a Mary J. Donaldson  owned land at Yallock according to the Cranbourne Shire Rate Books in the early 1910s. There is a report in the Lang Lang Guardian of June 24, 1914 about Mrs Donaldson selling her Finck's Road property. There is also a Walter R Donaldson owning land in the Rate Books at Yallock - this may the W. Donaldson, a brick layer referred to by Mr Boxshall. This is, I believe, Walter Rehm Donaldson who is in the Electoral Roll at Koo-Wee-Rup in 1914. His wife, Leah Agnes (nee Robinson) is listed at Yallock. Not sure how these families are connected.



 Cranbourne Shire Rate Books, 1912.


Finck, Louis William  (SN 339)  Listed as W. Finck on the Honour Roll. William enlisted on July 10, 1915 aged 22. His next of kin was his father, Louis, of Yallock. William Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919. Finck's Road is named after the family. 

Franklin,  Leslie (SN 878)  I am not one hundred per cent sure who this is - there were five  Leslie Franklins who enlisted, three are from New South Wales; the other Victorian one was Killed in Action and we know that 'our' Les survived the War, so by eliminating those four, it just leaves this Leslie - but I have not as yet found a connection to the area. He possibly worked locally or had lived there with his parents when they were alive as his next of kin was listed as his grandfather, John Franklin of Yea.  Les enlisted on March 24, 1915 aged 19. He was born in Yea, he was a labourer. Whilst he was overseas he married Margaret McKay in Scotland on May 24, 1919. He Returned to Australia on November 7, 1919. 

Harker, George Ernest (SN 3840)  George enlisted on December 6, 1915 aged 21. His next of kin was his father, Thomas, of Yallock. George was awarded the Military Medal and he Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919. George was the brother of Robert and William, listed below.
Harker, Robert Herd (SN 345) Robert  enlisted on July 19, 1915 at the age of 28 and was Killed in Action in France, one year later, on July 20 1916.
Harker, William Thomas (SN 16235)  William enlisted at the age of 34 in January 1916 and was discharged as medically unfit in February 1917, he then enlisted again on July 2, 1917, served overseas and Returned to Australia on May 6, 1919. William had been born in Quorn in South Australia, his brothers were born in Dandenong.

Hatty, David Samuel (SN 279)  Known as Sam, enlisted at the age of 22 on August 25, 1914. He served overseas and Returned to Australia on March 8, 1917 and was medically discharged as he suffered from chronic rheumatism.
Hatty, George Frederick (SN 66) George enlisted March 27, 1916 at the age of 21. George was Killed in Action in Belgium on October 12, 1917.
Hatty, Thomas Alfred ( SN 5607) Thomas enlisted on November 25, 1914 when he was 24. He Returned to Australia on February 19, 1919.
The Hatty boys were the sons of William and Jessie Augusta Hatty and the family was living in Timboon when they enlisted. According to the Electoral Rolls they had previously lived in Yallock for a number of years.

Henry, Robert (SN 344) Robert enlisted on July 8, 1915 at the age of  19. His next of kin was his father, William Henry of 'Grassmere', Yallock. Robert was reported missing in July 1916 and had been captured by the Germans. He was released when the War ended, repatriated to England and Returned to Australia on March 2, 1919.

Izzard, Horace Valentine (SN 373) Horace enlisted on February 22, 1915 aged one month off 28 years. He Returned to Australia on March 9, 1919. 
Izzard, Ralph Charles (SN 2636)  Ralph enlisted on June 9, 1915 aged 22. He served overseas and Returned to Australia on November 12, 1916 and was discharged in February 1917 as medically unfit, it mentioned in his record that he suffered from rheumatism.
Horace and Ralph were the sons of Charles Izzard  of Yallock. Mr Boxshall writes that Charles was a saddler and the Secretary of the first Yallock Progress Association. 

Jones, John Owen (SN 2674) John enlisted on August 2, 1915 at the age of  26, he was a miner and his next of kin was his mother, Marian, of Campbell Street in Wonthaggi. He suffered a severe gun shot wound to the right thigh in  France on April 24, 1918 and Returned to Australia on December 24, 1918 and was medically discharged in June 1919. I believe that this is the correct record even though John's record does not directly link him to Yallock. There is a J. Jones listed in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article and Mr Boxshall writes that Mr J. Jones was a saddler by trade and had land in Hall Road. The 1909 Electoral Rolls show a John William Jones, Marian Jones and Maud Jones at Yallock and an article in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal of August 24, 1911 says that Mr W. Jones has sold his farm at Yallock and intends settling in Wonthaggi. Based on all that I believe that we have the correct J. Jones.  

Joseph, J   This man is listed on the Honour Board. The only J. Joseph listed is from New South Wales.   There is a Joseph Josephs on the Electoral Roll at Yannathan in 1909 - this is possibly the same person (slight difference in surname)  or some connection. There is a James Rolphes Joseph (SN 2608) - next of kin is father James Josephs of Prahran and there is also a Joseph Isaac Josephs (SN 3824) - next of kin is Clare Letitia Cutts of Ringwood. He was 27 when he enlisted on July 13, 1915, so would have been around 21 in 1909 and thus old enough to be on the Electoral Roll.  I tend to think that the J. Joseph on the Honour Board  is Joseph Isaac Josephs. Joseph was discharged on medical grounds, due to rhuematism on December 3, 1917 having Returned to Australia on August 25  of the same year.

Kenny, Harry Phillip (SN Depot)  Harry enlisted on June 29, 1915 aged 29. He was born in Yallock and his next of kin was his father, Harry Kenny, of Nar Nar Goon. Harry was discharged on October 9, 1915 as medically unfit due to the loss of the index finger on the right hand. A report in his record said the finger  accident happened around October 1914 in Poowong when it was cut off by an axe. Harry was recommended for Home Services. 

Leeson, Alfred Ernest (SN 485) Alfred was 22 when he enlisted on November 1, 1915. He Returned to Australia on March 16, 1919.
Leeson, Arthur Leslie (SN 4797) Arthur enlisted on July 13, 1915 at the age of 28. He Returned to Australia on May 29, 1919.
Leeson, Claude Albert (SN 3103) Claude enlisted on October 5, 1916 aged 18 years old. He Died of Wounds (a gun shot wound to the skull) in Belgium on October 18, 1917.
The Leeson boys were the sons of  Arthur and Mary Leeson of Yannathan; Arthur had already died at the time of their enlistment.  They were all born locally - Alf in Clyde, Claude in Caldermeade and Arthur's birth place is listed as Monham Heath, but I believe this is actually Monomeith. The Koo-Wee-Rup Sun list has an R. Leeson - this is possibly a mistake, as they don't list Arthur.

Light, Alfred Percy (SN 5042) Alf was a 29 year old butter maker when he enlisted on January 27, 1916. He Returned to Australia on December 4, 1918.
Light, Norman  (SN 1958)  Norman was 26 when he enlisted on March 15, 1916. He suffered a gun shot wound to his right leg, whilst fighting in France, and it fractured his tibia. He Returned to Australia on March 16, 1918 and was medically discharged in the November. 
Light, Thomas Reuben (SN 1959) Thomas enlisted the same day as his brother, Norman. He was 27 and eleven months  old and was discharged as being medically unfit on July 3, 1916. 
Alf, Norman, and Thomas were the sons of Thomas and Maria Light.  Maria, address Yallock, was the next of kin listed for Norman and Thomas. The father, Thomas, was the next of kin listed for Alf - the address at the time was Tarwin Lower.

Lineham, William James (SN 2711)  William enlisted on July 19 1915 aged 20.  His next of kin were his parents, Benjamin and Eliza Lineham of Yannathan. He was born in Clyde.  William Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919. 

McGhee, Donald Malachi  (SN 3416)  Donald is listed in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article as Malachi M'Gee and also listed on the Honour Roll as M. McGhee but he is listed in the Victoria Births Index as Donald Malachi, born in 1895 to John and Margaret (nee Johnston) at Heath Hill. The address was Northcote at the time of enlistment, however his brother David Johnston McGhee was living at Yallock in 1914 according to the Electoral Rolls. Donald or Malachi was 19 when enlisted on June 24, 1915 and was Killed in Action in France on July 19, 1916.
McGhee, Gordon General (SN 22949) Gordon was the brother of Donald Malachi and he enlisted at the age of 23 on October 27, 1915. Gordon Returned to Australia on May 12, 1919. Gordon is listed on the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article as Rawdon M'Gee - not sure where the Rawdon name came from, but is on the Honour Board as G. McGhee.

McPhee, Charles Carey (SN 422) Charles was a Methodist Home Missionary and he enlisted at the age of 29 on May 10, 1916. He was reported missing in France in April 1918 and became a 'Prisoner of War in German hands'. He was released after the War and Returned to Australia on February 10, 1919. Charles has been stationed at the Methodist Mission at Yallock before his appointment.


Lang Lang Guardian February 23, 1916

O'Donnell, D According to the list in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun there was a D. O'Donnell who served in the War. This was likely to be a brother of Joseph and Michael (see below) as there is correspondence from Joseph, dated March 1918,  in Michael's file asking about the whereabouts of Michael as they had lost touch as 'we had parted for about five years'  and it also mentions 'my youngest brother' who was serving in France.  I haven't worked out who he is.
O'Donnell, Joseph Daniel (SN 3602) Joseph enlisted on September 17, 1915 aged 25. His next of kin was his father, M. O'Donnell of Koo-Wee-Rup and he was also born in Koo-Wee-Rup. He Returned to Australia on September 26, 1917 and had 'severe corns on the sole of the left foot'.  Joseph was listed as Michael's  next of kin, after he returned home because their father 'could not be traced'.
O'Donnell, Michael Alexander (SN 730) Michael enlisted at the age of 25 on November 27, 1914.He was born in Ballarat.  He had a colourful military history with a range of disciplinary issues. He received  a gun shot wound to his shoulder, suffered a fractured skull and Died of Wounds on July 17 1918.  Michael was living in Sydney when he enlisted but his next of kin was his father,  Michael James O'Donnell of Yannathan. Michael's will, in his file at the  National Archives has the family's address as Yallock. 


Pretty, Albert George (SN 6944)  Albert enlisted on March 9, 1917 at the age of 23. His next of kin was his father, Frederick Matthew Pretty of Yallock. He was promoted to a Lieutenant. Albert was a Military Clerk who served in England and France. When you read all the military records you realise what a massive administrative task it must have been to keep all the records up to date. Albert Returned to Australia on October 30, 1919. There is a W. Pretty listed on the Honour Roll, but I believe this is a mistake as I can't find any other Prettys with a local connection apart from Albert.

Rietschel, Arthur William John  
Rietschel, Percy George Oscar  
Mr Boxshall has O.W Reitchel living at Fincks Road - he was a bricklayer; the Honour Roll has A. Reitschel and P. Reitschel and the 1914 Electoral Roll has Arthur and Percy Rietschel listed at Wonthaggi, so that's three different spellings on the surname.  Arthur (b. 1888) and Percy (b. 1889) are the sons of Otto William and Helen (nee O'Neil) Rietschel, I think that's the correct spelling. Helen is in the Electoral Roll at Yallock in 1905 and 1906 and then I can't find her and I believe Otto died in 1901. This is what I had found out about Arthur and Percy, but I couldn't find any trace of their enlistment until once again, Lynne Bradley from the Narre Warren & District Family History Group discovered the answer. It turns out that Helen (also known as Ellen) remarried in 1903 to William James Jones and the boys enlisted  as Arthur Jones and Percy Jones. Perhaps it was because there was so much anti-German feeling at the time, they wanted to hide a German sounding name.   Arthur (SN 2673) enlisted on July 28, 1915 aged 27, occupation wheeler, next of kin was his mother Ellen Jones of Hicksborough, Wonthaggi. Arthur Returned to Australia on January 8, 1919. Percy (SN 1403) enlisted a day later than his brother, on July 29. He was 26 years old and also a wheeler, Ellen was also his next of kin. Percy served overseas and then Returned to Australia on January 31, 1918 and was discharged on medical grounds on May 28, 1918 suffering from 'myalgia and muscular atrophy'

Ridgway, Mark (SN 449) Mark was born in Lang Lang and he was a 23 year old Buttermaker when he enlisted on February 11, 1915. His next of kin was his father, William Ridgway of 'Hazeldean', Lang Lang. In the 1914 Electoral Roll, he was living in Yannathan. Mark received  a gun shot wound to his knee and his tibia and fibula were fractured. He Returned to Australia on September 9, 1916 and was medically discharged on March 30, 1917.

Sanders, Robert Oliver  (SN 13170)  Robert enlisted on August 7, 1916 at the age of 23 years, 11 months. His occupation was chauffeur, and as might be expected, he joined the Auxiliary Mechanical Transport Company. His address at enlistment was Monomeith and he was born in London and his next of kin was his father, who lived in England.  Robert was demobilized in England on October 31, 1919. There is an R. Saunders listed in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article, but I can't locate anyone of that name with a local connection, so I believe it should have been R. Sanders. 

Savage, Leslie Hardwick (SN 50459)  Leslie was 24 when he enlisted on December 14, 1917.He Returned to Australia on January 19, 1919.  He was born at Poowong and his next of kin was his father, Francis Savage of Yallock.  



A report from the Lang Lang Guardian of March 23, 1918 about the farewell give to Les Savage and Victor Casey at the Yallock Hall. It was actually Victor Casey (SN 57423) not G. Casey who enlisted at this time. 


Scharf, Alfred (SN 962) Alfred was a 26 year old carpenter when he enlisted on January 18, 1915. Alfred was Killed in Action in France on August 24, 1916.
Scharf, Richard Albert (SN 7961)  Richard was 19, a shop fitter and he enlisted on July 13, 1915. He Died of Wounds received whilst fighting in France on May 1, 1917.
Alfred and Richard were the sons of Henry and Liselle (nee Fritz) Scharf. Mr Boxshall writes that Henry Scharf was a carpenter and had left Germany to escape militarism. They lived on Finck's Road at Yallock, although they were in St Kilda Road, Elsternwick when the boys enlisted.

Scott, Bert
Scott, Ray  Bert and Ray, who both died in the War,  are listed on the Honour Roll and in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article.  I just can't find them on any list. I assume they are brothers - I have an Albert Scott (SN 3257) and a Herbert Scott (7561) both with a connection to Ensay and the sons of William and Kathleen (nee Leonard) Scott, but their next of kin was their sister, Mrs Ruby Murrell of Ensay, it may be them, but I can find no connection to the Yallock area. They were both Killed in Action in France, Albert on July 29, 1916 and Herbert on June 8, 1918.There are four soldiers with the surname Scott who have Raymond as a first or middle name and there are 98 soldiers with a surname of Scott who have Albert, Bert, Herbert or Robert as a first or middle name but none have any obvious connection to Yallock. Any help appreciated.

Sherriff, Alfred (SN 2994) Alf enlisted on May 23, 1916 at the age of 36. He was a farmer from Lang Lang and his next of kin was his wife,Sarah Janet Sherriff (nee Richardson)  He Returned to Australia on January 2, 1919 and was discharged from the Army as medically unfit in March 1919 due to Rheumatism and Functional Dyspepsia. The 1917 Electoral Roll lists Alf and Sarah at Yannathan, so I presume that was the Yallock connection.

Smith, Bert  Bert is listed on the Honour Roll as having died in the War. There are about 90 Albert,Bert, Herbert and Robert Smiths who died during the War and I can't find any obvious connection to the area. There is also a B. Smith on the Cora Lynn War Memorial and I believe it may be the same person - Smith, Beith.  (SN 1436)  His first name was also listed as Bert and Berth in some documents but I believe that Beith is correct. He was Killed in Action May 9 or May 10 in 1915 at Gallipoli.  Beith enlisted at Tynong on September 21, 1914. at the age of 19.  The Attesting Officer was William Carney, Shire of Berwick President, so that proves he was in the local area, so he may have worked at Yallock as well. His occupation was listed as a labourer. He was born at Rochford, near Kyneton and that is where his father lived. Any ideas as to who this is, I would love to hear from you.

Stephens, James Bennett (SN 2367)  James enlisted at the age of 21 on August 7, 1916. His occupation was Drover. His next of kin was his father, Francis Stephens of Yallock. James was Killed in Action in Belgium on October 4, 1917. James is listed as J. Stevens on the Honour Roll.

Ware, Charles William Francis (SN 3285a) Charles enlisted at the age of 23 on July 27, 1915. He was employed on the Railways. He suffered a severe gun shot wound to his right buttock and Returned to Australia on March 17, 1917 and was discharged for medical reasons on July 9, 1917. His next of kin was his mother Mrs Christina Wilson Ware who lived at Kongwak.   His father was Charles Joseph Ware. 


Lang Lang Guardian July 25, 1917

Charles was welcomed home at a function in Yallock held on July 12 1917 at the Public Hall and he sent the letter above to the Lang Lang Guardian thanking the residents for the home coming. 

Wright, John William (SN 646) John enlisted on September 24, 1914 aged 21. He was born in Yannathan and his next of kin was his mother, Isabella. John Returned to Australia on October 26, 1918. He was the brother of Marmaduke Wright, below. 
Wright, Marmaduke George (SN 703) Listed as G. Wright on the Honour Board and Duke Wright in the Koo-Wee-Rup Sun article, so we'll call him Duke.  Duke was the son of George and Isabella Wright, who lived in Hall Road, Yallock, although the 1909 Electoral Roll has their address as Yannathan, once again it seems that both names were used interchangeably. Duke was born in Koo-Wee-Rup and he enlisted on February 23, 1916 aged 20. Isabella was his next of kin and she was living in Shepparton East, she was there when John enlisted as well. Duke Returned to Australia on January 25, 1919.

Wednesday, September 23, 2015

The need for good literature at the Front

An interesting article from the Lang Lang Guardian of September 29, 1915 about the need for suitable literature for our soldiers at the Front. The Reverend Herbert de Putron Hitchcock, the Anglican Minister,  knew from experience that when a squad of men got together that they were apt to talk about what had better be left unsaid. Therefore good literature would keep the soldier's minds pure and clean. We have met the Reverend de Putron Hitchcock before in this blog - he helped to celebrate the first ANZAC Day commemorations in Lang Lang and Yallock in April 1916. Read about it here


Lang Lang Guardian September 29, 1915



Gippsland Times June 30, 1924

Herbert de Putron-Hitchcock died June 24, 1924 aged 74. A death notice says that he was the son of Edward and Mary Elizabeth Hitchcock of London. Mrs Hitchcock's maiden name was de Putron, so did Herbert adopt the double barreled name to sound  a bit posh or was the family one of modern thinkers who gave both parents names to their children?

Monday, September 14, 2015

Tonimbuk Honour Roll

Denise Nest wrote about the Tonimbuk Honour Roll in her book, Call of the Bunyip. She said that 'the names and portraits of the men of the district were enclosed in a massive oak frame'.  The Roll was unveiled by Mr Pearson and a concert completed the occasion. Sadly, the whereabouts of this Roll is unknown.

Tonimbuk was settled it the 1890s as part of  a village Settlement Scheme, popular at the time.The aim of the scheme was to move unemployed families from Melbourne so they could have a  self sustaining life in the country as farmers, saw millers or by supporting themselves with any work they could obtain. It was not always successful for  a variety of reasons including the fact that many men lacked the necessary skills and the farms were too small to be viable. A State School opened in 1900, closed in 1906, reopened in 1910 and closed in 1950.

What follows is a list of the soldiers on the Honour Roll, plus a few others with a Tonimbuk connection,  their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au). Some of the extra information about the families of the soldiers comes from Call of the Bunyip.

Bridle, Charles William (SN 5629) Charles enlisted as a 19 year old on July 31, 1915. He was born in Williamstown and was living there when he enlisted,  his next of kin was father, Richard.   Charles married Erine (also listed as Eileen)  around 1917. A letter in his file, dated August 1, 1918 states that Erine had moved  from Williamstown to Bunyip. He Returned to Australia on May 8, 1919. Mrs Nest, in Call of the Bunyip,  has his name listed as Bridal, which is not correct, however as George and Elizabeth Bridal settled in Tonimbuk in the early 1900s and they are presumably the source of the name Bridal Road it's an obvious mistake.

Ellis, H  Corporal H. Ellis is listed on the Honour Roll, but I am unsure who that is. It may possibly refer to Albert Bruthniaux Ellis (SN 44) who enlisted on June 7, 1915 aged 27. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs M. Ellis of 'Mt Juliet', Bunyip. Albert Returned to Australia on September 23, 1919. He was a Lieutenant (which doesn't tally with him being listed as a Corporal)  and was awarded the Military Cross. Any help appreciated.

Jewell, Frederick William (SN 57) Frederick enlisted on August 22, 1914 when he was 26. His occupation was a labourer.  Sergeant Jewell Returned to Australia on January 7, 1919.
Jewell, John George (SN 55) John was 19 years and 10 months  old  when he enlisted the same day as his brother, Frederick, above. John was also a labourer. Whilst serving overseas John suffered from influenza, then mumps, then appendicitis and then he was Wounded in Action in France. John Returned to Australia on January 23, 1918.
Jewell, William James Peter  (SN 6136)  William enlisted on May 4, 1916 aged 22. He Returned to Australia on October 29, 1918 and had suffered from Trench feet and a fractured thigh. For some reason William isn't listed on the Honour Roll.
William and Elizabeth (nee Leask) Jewell came to Tonimbuk about 1892 and took up 50 acres of land;  they had nine other children beside Fred, John and William.

Leask, George Clifford (SN 2784) Call of the Bunyip reports on a homecoming function given on New Years Eve, 1918 to the three Jewell boys and George Leask. George for some reason isn't listed on the Honour Roll. George was 18 when he enlisted on July 26, 1916. In August 1918 he suffered a gun shot wound to the abdomen (penetrating) and Returned to Australia on October 20, 1918. George was the son of  Thomas and Rose Leask of Bunyip. I presume he was cousin of the Jewell boys as their mother was a Leask.



Bunyip Free Press September 10, 1914.


Nylander, Alexander (SN 3435) Alexander was 27 when he enlisted on July 15, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs J. Nylander, of 'St Minians', Bunyip. He was discharged for medical reasons, suffering from shell shock and neurasthenia (a nervous condition)  Alexander Returned to Australia on August 25, 1917. Alexander's parents, Carl and Jessie (nee Forrester) had come to Tonimbuk in 1892.

Pearson, Frederick Francis (SN 869) Frederick enlisted on September 4, 1914, when he was 25. Frederick was Killed in Action on April 25, 1915 at Gallipoli. It wasn't until June 1916 that a Board of Enquiry finally confirmed that he had been Killed in Action, he was previously listed as missing. This information was not communicated to the family straight away as there is a letter from his father in his file dated September 1916 asking for confirmation of his death, he writes "Personally I am sure of his death but it is his mother who keeps on hoping to hear from him"  Frederick was the son of Charles and Blanche (nee Cox) Pearson who had arrived in Tonimbuk in 1893, they had 320 acres of land which they used an orchard.

Pilkington, Archibald Clarence (1268) Archie was living in Williamstown and his occupation was a driver,  when he enlisted on July 12 1915 at the age of 21. He  served overseas but was injured and also suffered from bronchitis and so was discharged due to medical reasons and Returned to Australia on Apri1 11, 1916. Archie and his wife Vera are listed in the 1917 Electoral Roll as living at Tynong. In 1919 they are back in Williamstown and he has  motor garage.  In 1924 Ada is listed alone in Williamstown and there is an Archibald Clarence Pilkington in Rocklea near Brisbane, occupation motor driver, so it seems that the marriage had broken up by then.  Vera was born in Longwarry and was the daughter of John and Catherine (nee Parsons) Topp, and so was the sister of Charles and John Topp, listed below.

Reardon, Eric Charles (SN 2524). Eric enlisted on June 3, 1915 at the age of 18 and died of wounds on September, 9 1918.  Eric is also listed on the Bunyip War Memorial.
Reardon, William Horace (SN 16)  William, the brother of Eric, above, enlisted on August 19, 1914. They were both born in Tatura and were the sons of James Edward Reardon of Bunyip. William Returned to Australia on November 12, 1917 after being discharged as permanently unfit. William had suffered from months of diarrhoea and bilharziosis (a parasite infection from a flatworm)



A report form the Bunyip Free Press of September 9, 1915 on the local boys 
Jack Sleigh and Fred Jewell.

Sleigh, John (SN 58) John enlisted on August 22, 1914, the same day as Fred and John Jewell, when he was 25 years old. John had  a colourful military record and was charged with a number of offences whilst on active duty and also suffered from a leg injury that became quite  a bad ulcer which wouldn't heal and he was discharged as medically unfit after he  Returned to Australia on February 15, 1918.
Sleigh, T  I believe that this may actually be Stephen Sleigh (SN 3244) who is also listed on the Bunyip War Memorial. Stephen enlisted on July 16, 1915. Stephen was listed as missing on July 28, 1916 and  a later Court of Enquiry found that he was Killed in Action on July 19, 1916.
Stephen and John were both born in Trentham and they were the sons of Charles and Mary Jane Sleigh of Bunyip.



A sadly prophetic article - the visit made to his parents was indeed his final visit. 
Bunyip Free Press October 21, 1915


Topp, Charles William (SN 3656)  Charles was a jockey, aged 24, and he enlisted on September 6, 1915.  He Returned to Australia on May 15, 1919.
Topp, John Henry Thomas (SN 1312) John enlisted at the age of 26 on July 29, 1915. He was a saw mill employee. He Returned to Australia on July 18, 1919.
Charles and John were the sons  of John Henry Topp and Catherine Theresa Parsons of Bunyip. Call of the Bunyip  mentions a John Topp who had  a property near the Tonimbuk School which consisted of 450 acres and a home on the banks of Dingle Creek.

Towt, O.O  Listed as O.O. Towt in the Call of the Buyip, but I believe that it is the grandly named Canterbury Oliver Towt (SN 72). Canterbury was the son of Catherine Towt of "Glen Evergreen" Tonimbuk. He was an orchardist and enlisted at the age of 25 on July 19, 1915. He Returned to Australia on May 11, 1919.

Sunday, August 2, 2015

Lyndhurst and Skye (Lyndhurst South) Great War Soldiers

This is a list of soldiers with a connection to the towns of Lyndhurst and Skye.  I have linked these towns together as Skye changed its name to Lyndhurst South in 1903 (although some sources list the date as 1894) after a murder brought unwelcome attention to the area. It changed back to Skye in 1964. Parts of Lyndhurst have been re-named Lynbrook, but it traditionally covered the area roughly south of Abbotts Road, west of Dandenong Frankston Road, east of the South Gippsland Highway and north of Thompsons Road. Skye or Lyndhurst South roughly covered the area south of Thompsons Road, west of  McCormicks Road, north of Ballarto Road and  east of Dandenong Hastings Road, so it included both Hall Road and Wedge Road.  All this area used to be in the Shire of Cranbourne. If you know of any other soldiers that I have missed, then please let me know.

You can read more about Skye in the book 100 years in Skye: 1850-1950 by Dot Morrison, published by the Mornington Peninsula Family History Society http://www.mpfhs.org/

What follows is a list of soldiers, their connection to Lyndhurst or Syke, their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au)

Anderson, John William (SN 10579)   John was born in Lyndhurst and enlisted on December 29, 1915 aged 23. He was a share farmer. He Returned to Australia on May 12, 1919.

Baker, Alexander George (SN 1782)  Alexander enlisted on June 5, 1915 aged 22. He was a farmer from Lyndhurst South. Alexander was awarded the Military Medal in 1917. He Returned to Australia on April 8, 1919. Alexander is listed on the Cranbourne Presbyterian Church Honour Roll.

Cairns, Godfrey Brown (SN 16080) Godfrey was born in Rosebud and he was living at Lyndhurst when he enlisted on January 27, 1916. His occupation was driver and he was 28. He Returned to Australia on July 4, 1919.

Cozens, John Edwin  (SN 2602)  John was born at Lyndhurst and was living at Mornington Junction (the original name for Baxter) when he enlisted on August 2, 1915, at the age of 23 and eleven months. John Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.

Fisher, Culbert Cecil (16926)  The unusually named Culbert enlisted on March 9, 1916 aged 18. He was a State School teacher, born in Lyndhurst and living there at the time of his enlistment. He Returned to Australia on September 25, 1919.


Culbert's wedding to Myrtle Poole was written up in Table Talk on May 28, 1925. By this time his parent's had moved to  Woodend, but it seems they were sentimental enough to call their property after their original location. The account of the wedding is very comprehensive - you can read it all here 


Hope, George  (SN 1394)   George was born in Lyndhurst and enlisted at the age of  26 on August 2, 1915. His next of kin was his brother, John. George embarked to return  to Australia on March 16, 1918. however never made it home as on April 20 he went over the side of the boat and his body was never found. The inquiry said that he was in great pain from rheumatism and trench fever which caused headaches and rashes amongst other things and he had also suffered a gun shot wound to his right thigh, however the verdict was that he had fallen overboard accidentally. There is correspondence in his file saying that his real name was Robert George Chrozier. In his will he leaves everything to his cousin John Chrozier (the name is also spelt as Crozier in the file)

Howse, Frederick Thomas   (SN 15911)    Frederick enlisted on October 9, 1916 when he was a nearly 22 year old postal assistant. Thomas was born at Lyndhurst  and living in Dandenong when he enlisted. He Returned to Australia on January 2, 1919.

Kerr, Alfred William Charles  (SN 2080)  Alfred was born at Lyndhurst and enlisted at the age of 21 on November 10, 1916. His next of kin was his father, Gilbert, who lived in Hastings and he was a driver. Alfred Returned to Australia on March 31, 1919. Alfred is the brother of Frederick (see below)

Kerr, Charles Thomas  (SN 2040)   Charles was born in Lyndhurst and was a 22 year old newsagents assistant living in Albany Park in Western Australia when he enlisted on November 1, 1915.  Charles Returned to Australia on January 14, 1919. His next of kin was his father, Moses, of Upper Hawthorn.

Kerr, Frederick John Lee   (SN 3420) Frederick enlisted on June 6, 1917 when he was 18 years old. He was born in Lyndhurst and was living at Hastings at the time of enlistment. Frederick was Killed in Action in France on August 25, 1918   Frederick was the brother of Alfred (see above) and their parents were Gilbert and Clara Kerr.

Kirkham, Malcolm (SN 913)  Malcolm was 29, and a farmer from Lyndhurst, when he enlisted on June 8, 1915. His next of kin was his mother, Margaret. Lieutenant Kirkham was Killed in Action in France on September 2, 1918. Malcolm is listed on the Cranbourne Presbyterian Church Honour Roll.

McFarlane, David James  (SN 77806)  David enlisted on June 14, 1918 didn't see active service and was discharged in December 1918. He was 21 year old butcher at the time of his enlistment and was born in Lyndhurst.

McLellan, Donald (SN 2207) Donald was 19 when he enlisted on May 1, 1916. He was born at Lyndhurst and his next of kin was his father, Alexander of Ferndale, Cranbourne. Alexander Returned to Australia on June 10, 1919. Donald is listed on the Cranbourne Presbyterian Church Honour Roll.

Norquay, Walter James (SN 1914)  Walter, born in Lyndhurst,  was a 27 year old Senior Postal Assistant when he enlisted on May 29, 1916. His next of kin was his wife, Dagmar. He was Killed in Action, in Belgium,  on October 13, 1917.

Payne, Charles Lyndhurst (SN 4801) Charles Lyndhurst Payne was born in Lyndhurst, and presumably named after his place of birth. He was 21 when he enlisted on April 1, 1916 and his guardian was listed as Mrs Margaret Greaves of Picnic Park, Lyndhurst.   He Died of Wounds received whilst fighting in France on April 26, 1918. Margaret Greaves (1942-1921) was married to William Greaves and was the daughter of Stephen and Alice Payne, so I presume that Charles was her nephew. (Family information from 100 years in Skye: 1850-1950 by Dot Morrison)

Payne, James (SN 1561) James was born in Lyndhurst and was 28 when he enlisted on October 6, 1916. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs Christina Cozens, of Yannathan, which is here he was also living at the time of his enlistment. He suffered a number of gun shot wounds and  Returned to Australia on February 15, 1918. When he applied for his medals in April 1918 he was living in Five Mile (Koo-Wee-Rup North)

Reilly, Eric (SN 479) Eric was a 26 year old farmer from Lyndhurst when he enlisted on October 13, 1914. He was single when he enlisted but there is a note in his file dated May 7 1915 saying that he had married; his wife's name was Selina. Eric Returned to Australia on April 23, 1919.


Dandenong Advertiser  October 17, 1918


Reynolds, Henry Simpson (SN 80602) Henry, whose enlistment was announced in the Dandenong Advertiser (see above) was 34 and his next of kin was his wife, Olena, of Lyndhurst South, when he enlisted on October 5, 1918. He did not see active service and was discharged in December 1918.

Smith, Frederick William  (SN 7085)  Frederick was born in Lyndhurt and was living in Dandnong when he enlisted on September 17, 1916. He was 24. He Returned to Australia on February 19, 1919.

South Bourke and Mornington Journal  April 17, 1919

Strong, Albert Victor (SN 29789)  Albert enlisted on March 23, 1916, at the age of 24.  He Returned to Australia on February 2, 1919. Albert (or Victor as he must have been known as he is listed as Driver V. Strong) was welcomed home at a function in April 1919 - see the account from the South Bourke and Mornington Journal, above.
Strong, Frederick William (SN 29790) Frederick enlisted on March 23, 1916, the same day as his brother, Albert.   He was 27 and  a farmer. Frederick Returned to Australia  May 31, 1919.
Frederick and Albert were the sons  of William Strong of Ercildoune, Cranbourne. Frederick and Albert are  listed on the Cranbourne Presbyterian Church Honour Roll.

Taylor, William George (SN 1740) William was 24 when he enlisted on February 17, 1916. He was the son of Richard Thomas Taylor, of Lyndhurst and he was also born in Lyndhurst.   William Returned to Australia in January 8, 1919.    William or George, as he was seemingly known as, was welcomed home at the same  function in April 1919  as Victor Strong. William is listed on the Cranbourne Presbyterian Church Honour Roll.

Thursday, July 9, 2015

Pearcedale Great War Soldiers

This is a list of soldiers with a connection to the town of Pearcedale. There may be some I have missed, if you know of any, then please let me know.

Pearcedale was originally called Langwarrin. When the Mornington and Stony Point railway lines opened in the late 1880s, the railway station near the Military Camp (now a Flora and Fauna Reserve) was named Langwarrin. A new town developed east of the railway station and was locally called New Langwarrin.  Pearcedale was known as Langwarrin or Langwarrin Estate or Old Langwarrin until December 1905 when, at a  meeting of rate payers,  it was voted to rename the town Pearcedale to avoid confusion with the new settlement based near the Langwarrin Railway Station. Pearcedale was named after Nathanial and Mary Grace  Pearce,  early European settlers.

The soldiers listed below had their address on official papers as Pearcedale, sometimes Pearcedale, via Somerville and on occasions just Somerville. They may also have had Langwarrin listed as a birthplace, which when they were born was the name for Pearcedale. I have also included any soldiers whose family are mentioned in the book Pearcedale: Moments in history. You can read more about this book and Pearcedale here. If you want to borrow the book, click here

What follows is a list of soldiers, their connection to Pearcedale, their fate (i.e. when they Returned to Australia after active service or when they were Killed in Action) and their Service Number (SN) so you can look up their full service record on the National Archives website (www.naa.gov.au)

Barton, George Ormond (SN 965) George was  a 25 year old orchardist when he enlisted on August 17, 1914. His next of kin was his father, Joseph, of Pearcedale. George Returned to Australia on September 23, 1918. You can read more about the Barton family in Pearcedale: Moments in history.

Charlie Bond (SN 3310) and his visit to Horsham.

Horsham Times June 17, 1919 page 5.

Bond, Charles Rundle (SN 3310)   Charles enlisted on July 20, 1915 at the age of  21. He Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919. Charles was the brother of William (below). They were the sons of William and Emily (nee Smith) Bond who came to Pearcedale about 1910 (Source: Pearcedale: Moments in history)

Bond, William Arthur  (SN 2575)  William enlisted on August 2, 1915. He was a 24 year old labourer and his next of kin was his father, also William, who was an orchardist. William was Killed in Action on July 19, 1916 at the battle of Fromelles.

Clark, Alfred Hoswell (SN 13933) Alfred was born at Langwarrin and enlisted on May 4, 1915 aged 19. He was an apprentice to his father, his occupation being mechanic and motor driver. Alfred Returned to Australia on June 2, 1919.

Evans, Thomas (SN 8830)  17/8/15  Twenty two year old Samuel enlisted on August 17, 1915. His next of kin was his father, Samuel, of Langwarrin. Thomas Returned to Australia on August 9, 1919.



This article reports on the welcome home function for local Pearcedale soldiers - Thomas Evans, Fred Knox, John Knox, William White and Martin Nicholson. 

Mornington Standard  November 21, 1919 page 3

Feltham, George (SN 3064)   George enlisted on February 2, 1917. He was born in Langwarrin, as Pearcedale was known at the time. He was a 26 year old boundary rider and his next of kin was his father, William, of Pearcedale. George Returned to Australia on September 25, 1919.

Grosvenor, James Edwin (SN 1044)    James was born in Langwarrin and enlisted on August 18, 1914. His next of kin was his sister of North Fitzroy, but he was living at Tallandoon (south of Tallangatta) at the time  He Returned to Australia on February 15, 1918. 

Heazlewood, Walter Frederick  (SN 7161)  Surname also listed as Hazlewood. Walter enlisted October 27, 1916. He was a 32 year old farmer. Walter was medically discharged on January 4, 1918 and he died on December 12, 1922, suffering from Tuberculosis.

Hobbs, Rupert Roxborough  (SN 13302) Rupert was a 36 year school master at Pearcedale when he enlisted on August 25, 1915 in the Field Ambulance Unit. He Returned to Australia on March 28, 1919.

Jarvis, Clarence James  (SN 3853) Clarence was nearly  19 years old and an apprentice  carpenter when he enlisted on August 16, 1915. On August 7, 1916 he received a gun shot wound to the chest, whilst serving in France. He Returned to Australia on March 17, 1917 and was discharged on medical grounds in July.

Jarvis, Oswald Lewis   Listed on the Discovering Anzacs site as having enlisted at the age of 29, with a Pearcedale address, which doesn't tally with his birth date of 1895. He was a brother of Clarence, above, they were both born in Cudgewa, but I cannot find out anything else about Oswald's service.

Kennough, William Henry (SN 144)   Surname is also listed on some sources as Kannough. William was living in Oakleigh when he enlisted on September 9, 1914. He was awarded the Military Medal in August 1918 and Returned to Australia  October 18, 1918.

Killeen, Michael Francis (SN 3124) Michael was born in Langwarrin and was 21 when he enlisted on October 16, 1916. He Returned to Australia on July 18, 1919.

Knox, John Henry (SN 4845)  John was 20 years old when he enlisted on November 10, 1915. He  Returned to Australia on July 7, 1919.  John and Thomas (below) were brothers. They were the sons of Edward and Mary (nee Pool) Knox of Pearcedale.

Knox, Thomas Frederick  (SN 4650)  Thomas was a 27 year old farmer and he enlisted on January 4, 1918. He arrived in Egypt in the June and saw some active service and Returned to Australia on July 17, 1919.

Larsen, Joseph (SN 3345) Joseph was 24 years old when he enlisted on July 6, 1915. He was born in Denmark and he had lived with James Ridley of Pearcedale for four years before his enlistment. He was Killed in Action in Belgium on September 20, 1917. They could find no trace of his parents in Denmark so his war medals were given to Mr Ridley in August 1920.

Lyons: There were four sons of Patrick and Louisa Lyons, of Pearcedale, who served in the Great War.

Lyons, Charles  (SN 6846)  Charles enlisted on May 9, 1916, he was 18 years old. When he was overseas he got married on September 6, 1919 to Agatha Richards. They came back to Australia in August 1920.

Lyons, John (SN 3568)   John was 22 years old when he enlisted on July 21, 1915. He Returned to Australia on February 9, 1919.

Lyons, Leslie William (SN 655)  Leslie enlisted on March 24, 1915 at the age of nineteen. Leslie was Killed in Action in France on October 5, 1918.

Lyons, Patrick Edward (SN 3194)  Patrick was nearly 23 when he enlisted on November 24, 1916. He Died of Wounds on September 27, 1917, the day after he was wounded in action whilst serving in France.

Patrick and Louisa (nee Henderson) had come to Pearcedale in 1910, they lived in East Road. Patrick died in June 1915, aged 52,  leaving Louisa a widow. They had eleven children. I wonder what happened to Louisa and I hope she found some happiness. You can read about the Lyons family in Pearcedale: Moments in history.

Marsh, Edmund John (SN 5730)  Edmund, born in Langwarrin,  enlisted on March 13, 1916 at the age of 18 and was living in Wandin at the time. He Returned to Australia on June  12, 1919.



This article from the Mornington Standard of June 21 1919 reports on the welcome home to Rupert Hobbs, Charlie Bond, Robert Young and a D. McCarthy.
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65852679


McCarthy, D   As you can see from the article above D.McCarthy had a connection to Pearcedale, I just can't work out who he is. I feel that it is either Daniel McCarthy (SN 16051) a telephone mechanic from Traralgon or Daniel Patrick McCarthy (SN 10447) a farmer whose next of kin on his enlistment paper was his brother, Edward, who was from Koo-Wee-Rup and later changed his address to Nar Nar Goon and on the embarkation roll it was his uncle, T. McCarthy of Nar Nar Goon. Daniel McCarthy was an orphan, I feel that he is the more likely candidate, but if you ave any information then please let me know.

Monro: George and Amy (nee Ostler) Monro had six sons of which three  served in the Great War. George was a market gardener and flower grower and  had arrived in Pearcedale  in 1900. You can read more about George and Amy and family in a short piece written by their grandson, George Monro in  Pearcedale: Moments in history.

Monro, Allan Clarence  (SN 3208)   Allan  had first enlisted as a 19 year old on April 6, 1915 but was discharged as being medically unfit, due to bronchitis, on June 24 the same year. Then he enlisted again on March 25, 1916 and served in the Home Services until July 11 when he was discharged again. Allan enlisted for the third time on November 26, 1916, he went overseas in the December but Returned to Australia in October and was discharged from the Army as medically unfit on December 14, 1917. There are two interesting letters in his file -  a 1942 letter from the Lighthouse & Navigational Services asking for  a copy of his war record as Allan had been appointed the permanent lighthouse keeper at Cape Schanck and one written by Allan in 1947 asking for a copy of his discharge papers as they were destroyed when his house was burnt down in the Black Friday bush fires on 1939.

Monro, Eric Wilfred (SN  2732)  Eric enlisted on June 30, 1915 aged 22. He was a mail carrier. He Returned to Australia on December 21, 1918.

Monro, Roy (SN 1083a)  Roy enlisted on August 20, 1914 aged 24. He Returned to Australia on March 10, 1918.

Nicholson, Donald (SN 986) Donald was 22 when he enlisted on September 18, 1914. Donald was Wounded in Action at Gallipoli, gun shot wound to left forearm, and  he Returned to Australia on July 17, 1915 and was officially discharged in November 1916.

Nicholson, Martin Terris  (SN 7285) Martin enlisted on December 4, 1916 aged 20. He Returned to Australia on August 19, 1919.  Both Donald and Martin were born in St Arnaud, Martin's mother was listed as Mrs Annie Perry and Donald's as Mrs Nicholson - were they brothers and their mother had remarried?

Orchard, Cyril George (SN 4747)  Cyril was 27 when he enlisted on March 1, 1916. He was a farm hand and lived with his wife, Doris at the  Balla Balla property. He was Killed in Action in Belgium on October 4, 1917.

Pearce, William Henry (SN 2561)  William enlisted at the age of 21 on January 20, 1915. William was wounded whilst fighting in France on July 3, 1917 and died the next day. The town of Pearcedale was named for William's parents - Nathaniel and Mary Grace Pearce in 1905.

Potter, Thomas  (SN 7306)  Thomas was a boundary rider, was 37 years old and he and his wife, Isabella were living at Pearcedale when he enlisted on August 5, 1915. He Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.

Watt, Horace Alfred  (SN 3147)   Twenty year old Horace enlisted  on July 8, 1915. He Returned to Australia on January 15, 1919.  He was the son of Alfred Watt of Pearcedale and his occupation was dairyman.


Another welcome home party - this time for William Young and George White
Mornington Standard, March 22 1919 page 3
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65852345

White, George Edward (SN 69382)  George  enlisted at the age of 18 on May 20 1918. He left for service overseas on November 2 1918 and it doesn't say when he returned. His parents, Thomas and Grace had an orchard, Plumvale. You can read more about the White  family in Pearcedale: Moments in history. George's enlistment papers list his address as Somerville.

White, William (SN 5436)  William was a 27 year old gardener and he enlisted on March 18, 1916. He and his wife, Sarah, lived at Bayview, Pearcedale. William was born in England and was granted leave from the Army between March and June 1919 to work on Mr A. White's farm, presumably a relative. He Returned to Australia on August 1, 1919.

Willis, Thomas William (SN 4045)  Thomas was living in Tasmania when he enlisted on August 4, 1915, aged 18. He was born in Langwarrin. Thomas Returned to Australia on April 12, 1919.

Wisken, William (SN 985) William enlisted on July 3, 1915. He was 21 and his occupation was nursery hand. He Returned to Australia on September 9, 1916 for discharge due to 'adolescent insanity' he had previously been described as 'a simple childish boy'. I wonder what happened to him?  William was the son of Henry and Rose Wisken who had arrived in Pearcedale on Boxing Day 1909 with their nine children of which William was the eldest. His brother George was President of the Pearcedale Cricket Club for 50 years and is the namesake of the George Wisken  Memorial Oval (Source: Ian Wisken - from the book Pearcedale: Moments in history)

Young, Robert Charles (SN 3305) Robert enlisted on July 20, 1915 aged 23. He was a labourer and was a member of the Pearcedale Rifle Club. Robert was born at Mornington Junction, the original name for the town of Baxter.   Robert Returned to Australia on April 13, 1919.                                  

Young, William Hay (SN 1582)  William enlisted on April 17, 1915 aged 28, he was an orchardist. William was Wounded in Action on two occasions and also gassed and consequently spent a lot of time in hospital when he was serving overseas. He Returned to Australia on January 14, 1919.